Edgeworthstown is named after the Edgeworth family who first settled there in the 1600s'. Richard Lovell Edgworth was an ingenious inventor and surveyor. His daughter Maria Edgeworth was a famous author, whose novels immortalise the vicissitudes of life on small rurual irish estates in the early 19th century.
The town has many literary associations including William Wordsworth, Oliver Goldsmith, Oscar Wilde and Sir Walter Scott. The Edgeworthstown Literary and Heritage Trail offers an interesting insight to the lives of the Edgewoth family. The Maria Edgeworth literary festival take place annualy in the town.